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About Murshidabad

The name ‘Murshidabad’ comes from the place known as “Muksudabad” which was the capital of Bengal during Murshid Quli Khan’s rule. Before the advent of British, the city of Murshidabad was the capital of Bengal. It has a great significance in the Indian History as in 1757 the British defeated Siraj–ud–Daula in the Battle of Plassey, after which the entire nation was brought under the British Colonial Rule. Even after the conquest of Bengal by the British, Murshidabad remained for some time the seat of administration.

The town still bears memories of Nawabs with mosques, tombs, and gardens, and retains such industries as carving in ivory, gold and silver embroidery and silk weaving. Of historic interest are Nizamat Kila (the Fortress of the Nawabs) also known as the Hazaarduari Palace (Palace of a Thousand Doors), the Moti Jhil (Pearl Lake), the Muradbagh Palace and the Khushbagh Cemetery. Murshidabad today is a centre for agriculture, handicrafts and sericulture.


In shape, the district resembles an isosceles triangle with its apex pointing to the North-West. Murshidabad is in the middle of West Bengal lying between 23º43’N and 24º52’N latitude and 87º49’E and 88º44’E longitude with HQ at Berhampur. It has a total area of 5316.11 sq. km. Padma River flows through the entire eastern boundary, separating the district from the districts of Malda and Rajshahi (Bangladesh). Burdwan and Nadia are in the Southern side and Birbhum and the Pakur (Jharkhand) are on the western side of the District. The main river Bhagirathi divides the district in two parts namely ‘BAGRI’ on eastern side and ‘RARH’ on western side. The district has an international border with Bangladesh covering a distance of 125.35 km of which 42.35 km is on land and the remaining is riverine running along 11 blocks. Murshidabad has 254 Gram Panchayats, 26 blocks, 5 Sub-divisions and 7 Municipalities.


Murshidabad district has 6% of the area and comprises 7.78% of the total population of West Bengal. As per Census 2011, the total population is 71.02 lakh and is expected to cross 70 lakh and the literacy rate is 63.88%. Murshidabad has a large concentration of minority population may be more than 66% of the total population. It is educationally backward and the poor female literacy rate is a matter of concern.

Total Population (as per Census 2011) 71,02,430
Male 36,29,595
Female 34,72,835
Decadal growth 21.07%
Sex Ratio 957
Population density 1334/km square
Literacy rate (as per Census 2011) 63.88%
Male 61.25%
Female 55.04%
Child sex ratio 963
Rural population (%) 80.22%
Urban population (%) 19.78%

Bera Utsav : The grand celebrations of 'Bera Utsav' are conducted at Lalbagh, on the banks of river Bhagirathi, near the palace of Nawabs. The beautiful celebration is adorned by traditional dance and music. The splendid fireworks on Bhagirathi embankment make the venue a picturesque vista that impresses the visitors no end. The festival is enjoyed by people of different age-groups, religions and cultural backgrounds. It not only tells the tale of the city's age-old splendor, but also marks the unity of its people and their love towards their cultural and traditional inheritance.

Hazarduari Mela : Hazarduari Mela is conducted by West Bengal State Tourism Department alongwith the Murshidabad District administration. Hazarduari Mela is held on an open air stage keeping the Hazarduari palace in the backdrop. Between the palace and the Imambara on southern flank of the palace ground, the stalls are set up with various handicrafts of Murshidabad district. The Mela also includes songs by local artists of Bauls and Fakirs of Murshidi and Marfati genre.


The skill of gifted craftsmen can be seen in the district markets. Ivory carving has been patronized from the Nawabs time and about 99% of total production of ivory is exported, which draws a significant amount of Murshidabad`s income. Sandalwood etching has become more popular than ivory carving now. Murshidabad is famous for brass and bell metal ware also.

Silk weaving industry constituted to be the principal cottage industry in Murshidabad. The raw silk weaving has been growing prominently since the pre - historic times. However the silk industry in West Bengal is concentrated in Murshidabad. The brand "Murshidabad silk" is not only famous across India, but also has a great demand throughout the world. Sericulture industry is the principal agro-based rural industry in Murshidabad

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Last Modified: 21/06/2017 16:16:40